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What is Credit Mix and How to Boost Your Credit Score?_WC

7 min 27 Mar 2023
Credit Mix Types for Boosting Credit Score
  • Understanding Credit Mix
  • Types of Credit Accounts
  • Tips to Boost Your Credit Score
  • Common Credit Mix Mistakes to Avoid

If you wish to understand how to increase credit score, you must develop an understanding of the various factors that affect credit scores. A borrower’s credit history is the key factor that determines their credit rating. It shows whether a borrower can be trusted with timely repayments or not. A borrower’s credit history accounts for 35% of their credit score. Further, if you want to ​​improve your CIBIL score, you must also reduce your credit utilization ratio to below 30% as one’s credit utilization ratio accounts for 30% of a borrower’s credit score. 15% of a borrower’s credit score depends on one’s length of credit history and 10% depends on the credit mix that one has in their kitty. In this article, we focus on how one can use knowledge about credit mix for CIBIL score increase. 

What is Credit Mix?

In very simple words, credit mix refers to the different types of credit accounts one has. These can include loans, credit cards, mortgages, etc. When it comes to loans, borrowers can avail of two different types of loans – secured and unsecured. Secured loans are backed by collateral and therefore, do not carry much risk for the lender. On the other hand, unsecured loans do not involve collateral or security. Secured loans draw a lower rate of interest than unsecured loans.

Let us look at the different types of credit accounts that borrowers can have.

Different Types of Credit Accounts 

Instalment Accounts

Instalment loans are loans that are repaid in the form of instalments. These instalments comprise a principal component and an interest component. Once the loan has been repaid in full, the loan account is closed. Car loans are an example of instalment loans.

Mortgage Accounts

Mortgage loans are quite similar to instalment loans. However, in the case of mortgage loans, the borrower can choose to go with either the fixed rate of interest or the floating rate of interest.

Revolving Debt Accounts

In the case of revolving debt, the borrower borrows only a part of the credit available to them and pays interest on the amount they have borrowed from their credit limit. They can also choose to pay the minimum due amount. However, they should refrain from doing so if they want to increase their credit score. Credit cards are an example of revolving debts.

Also Read Ways to Improve Your Credit Score with a Credit Card

Open Accounts

In the case of credit cards, most of the time, borrowers can repay the minimum due and continue using the card. However, in the case of some credit cards, one must pay the entire balance in full if one wants to be able to continue using the card. The same goes for certain collection accounts. These accounts are known as open accounts.

Lenders offer their best loan deals to borrowers who have a good credit mix. This is because a good credit mix assures lenders of a borrower’s ability to handle all kinds of credit. However, this does not mean that to boost your credit score, you should open different types of loan accounts. However, if you have had different types of loan accounts, do not make the mistake of closing them. Closing an account leads to your loan history being deleted. This is not good for your credit score.

Why is Credit Mix Important for Your Credit Score?

When you have a mix of credit types, it says a lot about your ability and experience to handle various credit instruments. Each credit has a different meaning. A revolving credit indicates your ability to borrow varying amounts of money each month and yet repay it.  

A loan displays your ability to honor a long-term commitment until you have fully repaid the debt.  Such a diverse profile makes the lenders’ decision easier especially when you have displayed discipline in repayment for all the types of debts.  

How to Boost Your CIBIL Score through Credit Mix? 

There’s a famous saying that goes, “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket” which really means don't risk everything on the success of one venture. This also holds true in case of credit – do not put all your stakes on that credit card of yours or the student loan that you took once upon a time in the hope that they alone would pull your credit score. In reality, however, a good credit score is the result of a good credit mix.  

Balance is important in finance and a diverse blend of credit provides a steadiness to your financial waters. CIBIL places a good weightage on credit mix when calculating your credit score. As such, you can diversify your credit accounts into revolving and installment credit. An ideal credit mix should include – a credit card, a loan (Home Loan, personal loan, student loan, etc.).  

Evaluate your credit mix - If you already use a credit card and have a Home Loan on your name – you already have a credit mix. 

Diversify your credit accounts – If you don’t have any active credit line, you may consider applying for a credit card and making a high-ticket purchase such as a vehicle or even a house - using a secured loan.  

Monitor your credit utilisation – When using a credit card, keep a low credit utilisation ratio. This will help you improve your CIBIL score.  

Keep your accounts open – When you have successfully repaid your debts, do not rush to close your loan account. If you have a credit card that has long been unused, do not close it – instead start using it. Vintage accounts add great value and weightage to your credit score. 

Common Credit Mix Mistakes to Avoid

While one takes utmost care to make sure that their credit score and mix are optimum, there are some common pitfalls to take care of. Here’s a list of common mistakes one can make regarding their credit mix:  

Closing credit accounts

An open account contributes more to your credit score than a closed one, even so, closing an account may result in lowered credit score. This is because a closed credit account with a good repayment history would be contributing to your credit score, although the share won’t be as good as a live account. 

Applying for too much credit at once

Each time you apply for a credit, an enquiry is run by the lenders to pull your credit report. This type of enquiry is termed as a hard enquiry and it impacts your credit score. Secondly, applying for too many credits indicates a credit hungry behaviour with the lenders eventually discouraging them to grant you a credit. 

Focusing on one type of credit account

A good credit mix requires you to have a credit card and a secured loan. As such, focus should be divided equally on both these credit sources. 

Final Words

If you want to boost your credit score, following the above-mentioned tips will certainly help. However, borrowers must know that it is not possible to raise their credit score immediately. If you want to increase your credit score, you must learn to be patient. Learn to practice financial discipline and be disciplined for at least a few months. It will take at least six months for the changes to reflect in your credit report. Follow the tips mentioned above: clear off dues on time, reduce your debt and credit utilization ratio, and maintain a good credit score and credit mix. These things will certainly get better with time. 


How much does credit mix affect your credit score?_WC


Credit mix affects around 10% of your credit score, although the exact percentage may vary with credit scoring models with different agencies and may get updated with time.

The credit mix of a revolving credit such as a credit card and installment credit such as a Home Loan or a Personal Loan is an ideal credit mix for a good credit score.

No. However, opening multiple credit accounts and having debts on all of them can be detrimental to your credit score.



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