Home Loan Tax Benefits_WC
Home Loan Tax Benefits: Overview
Home Loan Tax Benefits: Overview
The government offers a variety of tax benefits on Home Loans under the Income Tax Act of 1961. It is important to understand all the Home Loan tax benefits since they can help you save a significant amount of money on your tax payments.
Home Loan Tax Deductions_WC
Income Tax Benefits on a Home Loan (FY 2023-24)
There are several income tax benefits you can get when borrowing a Home Loan if you are a taxpayer under the old tax regime. Section 24(b) of the Income Tax Act allows a deduction of up to Rs.2 lakh while Section 80C allows a deduction of up to Rs.1.5 lakh. Additionally Section 80EEA allows a deduction of up to Rs.1.5 lakh over and above Section 24(b) benefits for those purchasing affordable housing under PMAY CLSS scheme. Previously, the deadline for deduction claim was March 31st 2022, but this was extended to March 31st 2024 by the Finance Minister in the budget speech 2022. Deductions are applicable on properties with stamp value up to Rs.45 lakh, so a maximum deduction of Rs.3.5 lakh can be claimed.
One should identify which components of their Home Loans can be taxed and which can be eligible for a rebate. Simply put, you can avail of an exemption on your Home Loan principal and the interest payments under Section 80C and Section 24(B). Here is a glimpse of all the tax rebates offered on a Home Loan before we go into further details.
Home Loan Tax Exemption Under Different Sections
The Home Loan tax benefits under the applicable sections of the Income Tax Act of 1961 are given below in the table
|Deduction Applicable on||Income Tax Section||Maximum Deduction (in Rs.)/p.a.||Parameters|
|Home Loan Principal||80C||1.5 Lakh||A residential property bought through a Home Loan cannot be sold within the first 5 years of possession.|
|Home Loan Interest||24B||2 Lakh||The funds procured through a Home Loan must be used for the purchase or construction of a residential property, and the construction must be completed within 5 years from the end of the financial year, in which the loan amount was disbursed.|
|Home Loan Interest||80EE||50,000||The funds procured through a Home Loan cannot exceed Rs.35 Lakh, and the value of the property cannot exceed Rs.50 Lakh.|
|Stamp Duty Charges||80C||1.5 Lakh||The stamp duty calculated on the property has to be claimed within the same year in which the expense was incurred.|
|Joint Home Loan Principal and Interest||80C and 24B||1.5 to 2 Lakh|| The tax benefits on a Joint Home Loan can be availed by all, only if they are also the joint owners of the property. Alongside that, beneficiaries must also contribute toward the Home Loan repayment as a co-applicant. |
Note that tax benefits can be claimed only in the year in which the construction of the property has been completed.
Also Read: Know about income tax slabs
Eligibility Criteria for Home Loan Tax Benefits_WC
Eligibility Criteria for Housing Loan Tax Benefits
Home Loan tax deduction is applicable for resident and NRI individuals. It is not applicable for HUF (Hindu United Families), AOP, a company, or any other kind of taxpayer who is not an individual.
Here are other eligibility criteria according to the respective sections
|Section 24B|| |
|Section 80C|| |
|Section 80EE|| |
Deductions Permitted on Home Loan Interest Payment_WC
Tax Deductions on Interest Paid on Home Loan
Following are the ways in which you can save your income tax payable, on your Home Loan interest payments every year:
Tax Benefits Under Section 24B
- The interest claimed under Section 24B can go up to Rs.2 Lakh for self-occupied properties
- The interest paid on a Home Loan for a rented residential property can be claimed without any upper limit; claims can only go up to only Rs.2 Lakh under ‘Housing Properties’ in a year
- The interest claimed under Section 24B has to be calculated on an accrual basis, which means that even if you don’t actually pay the amount that year (in case of a moratorium), you can still claim the amount as a deduction
- Joint Home Loan Borrowers can claim a rebate of up to Rs.2 Lakh each, provided they contribute to the EMI payments, and are the co-owners of the property
- A certificate detailing the Home Loan interest calculations from the lender is mandatory to claim the deductions
- In the case of an under-construction property, the construction work must be completed within 5 years of borrowing the Home Loan amount
- Interest deductions on an under-construction property can begin from the year the construction has ended
- The interest deduction will be restricted to Rs.30,000 if the construction of the property is not completed within the first 5 years of borrowing the Home Loan
Note that homebuyers who have funded the purchase of their property out of their own pocket are also eligible for claims under Section 24B (not applicable on self-occupied properties).
Tax Benefits Under Section 80EE
- Tax benefits under Section 80EE can be claimed only after exhausting the interest waivers under Section 24B
- Tax Exemption under 80EE for a housing loan can be claimed by first-time homebuyers only
- The Home Loan amount cannot exceed a valuation of Rs.35 Lakh, and the property’s value cannot exceed Rs.50 lakh
Deductions Permitted on Home Loan_WC
Tax Deductions on Home Loan Principal Repayment
Listed below are the tax provisions under which you can claim benefits for the principal component of your Home Loan repayment:
Tax Benefits Under Section 80C
- The maximum deductions claimed under Section 80C cannot exceed Rs.1.5 Lakh
- In the case of Joint Home Loans, all borrowers can claim Rs.1.5 Lakh individually if they all contribute toward the Home Loan EMI and are co-owners of the property
- Spouses who wish to claim a deduction under section 80C must also be co-borrowers and co-owners of the property
- Claims under Section 80C are given on a payment basis, which means that beneficiaries should have made a home loan principal amount payment as a part of their Home Loan repayment, in order to seek the benefit. It is not calculated upon projections
- Home Loans taken for the construction of a new residence will only be eligible for a rebate if the construction is completed within 5 years of taking the Home Loan principal
- The property for which the Home Loan claims have been made, cannot be sold within the first 5 years of possession. If the property in question is sold, all tax subsidies will be reversed and considered as income
- Stamp Duty and property registration charges can also be claimed under Section 80C, provided it is done in the same year the costs were borne. However, the claim must fall within the Rs.1.5 Lakh limit that is extended under Section 80C
*Terms and conditions apply.
Home Loan Tax Benefits for Women Home buyers_WC
Home Loan Tax Benefits for Women Homebuyers
Conditions for claiming housing loan tax exemption as a women homebuyer
Women homebuyers who have availed Home Loans or joint Home Loan are eligible for tax benefits. As per the old tax regime, in a joint Home Loan between a man and a woman, the woman can avail tax deductions separately. As a co-owner of property, she can claim IT deductions on both, principal and interest amounts.
According to Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, co-applicants can avail a benefit of up to Rs.1.5 Lakh each a year on the principal amount, and up to Rs.2 Lakh each on the interest paid. These concessions offered to women largely reduce the cost of buying a home.
Under the old tax regime, a first-time woman homebuyer can claim Rs.50,000 deduction on the principal, in addition to other claims under Section 80EE.
Home Loan Tax Benefits for Senior Citizens_WC
Home Loan Tax Benefits for Senior Citizens
Conditions for claiming home loan tax benefits as a senior citizen
According to the law, a senior citizen is an individual resident between the age group of 60 to 80 years at any time during the respective financial year.
A super senior citizen is above 80 years of age. To claim tax benefits as senior citizens, you should fulfil the above age criteria.
How to Claim Tax Benefits on Home Loans?_WC
How to Claim Tax Benefits on Home Loans?
The way to claim income tax rebates on your ongoing Home Loan is very easy.
- Calculate the tax deduction that you’re eligible for
- Ensure that you have all the documents to state that you are the owner and the payer of the Housing Loan
- Submit your Home Loan Interest Certificate to your employer so they can adjust TDS
- Self-employed individuals should keep these documents handy at the time of ITR submission
Home Loan Tax Deductions: FAQs
Housing Loan Tax Benefits: FAQs
The eligibility criteria for claiming tax benefits on your Home Loan repayment are simple enough – one must have borrowed a Home Loan and be the legal owner of the residential property. In the case of a joint Home Loan, everybody must be equal co-borrowers and co-owners, including spouses.
Yes, a Home Loan borrower is eligible for tax subsidies, if their property is under-construction, with certain things to keep in mind:
- The property construction must be completed within 5 years of seeking the Home Loan amount
- Tax exemptions for an under-construction property is valid only on the interest component of the Home Loan
- Pre-construction interest paid during the time the property was under-construction can be claimed within 5 instalments after receiving possession
Yes, you can. If your Home Loans meet all the required tax deduction norms, you are eligible to claim tax benefits for two simultaneous Home Loan repayments. However, note that both houses will be considered self-occupied, and cannot exceed the exemption limit under each category.
Home Loan interest deductions are considered under Section 24B, with the following considerations:
- Up to Rs.2 Lakh for self-occupied properties
- No limit on claim, for rented residential properties*
*Terms and conditions apply
You can avail a maximum deduction of Rs.30,000 on a Top-up Home Loan if you have receipts and documents proving that the Top-up Home Loan has been used for acquisition/ construction/repair/renovation of a residential property. The limit of Rs 30,000 is available for a self-occupied house only. In case repairs and renovations have been done on a let-out property, no deduction can be claimed.
You can use an income tax calculator to calculate your maximum benefits on Home Loan. For example, Let’s say your annual income is 14,00,000. Your EMI is split into interest and principal – so accordingly, you shell out 4,80,000 as interest and 1,20,000 as principal amount in a year. This means, if according to your salary slab you are paying a tax of 2,32,500, then you can reclaim 96,000 from your tax as benefit.
Sections 80EE and 80EEA of the Income Tax Act, 1961, provides tax benefits to eligible individuals on the interest paid towards home loans. Here are the eligibility criteria for both sections:
The eligible candidate is a first-time home buyer whose Home Loan amount is less than Rs.35 Lakh and the stamp value of property is within Rs.50 Lakh. Also, the Home Loan should have been sanctioned between April 1, 2016, and March 31, 2017. Note that only individual buyers are eligible.
The eligible candidate is a first-time home buyer whose Home Loan amount is less than Rs.25 Lakh and the stamp value of property is within Rs.45 Lakh. Also, the Home Loan should have been sanctioned between April 1, 2019, and March 31, 2022. Note that only individual buyers are eligible.
Please note that these criteria may change over time, and it's always advisable to check the latest rules before applying for any tax benefit.
Section 80EE: Section 80EE is a Home Loan interest deduction section that allows income tax benefits on the interest portion of the residential house property loan availed from any financial institution. The deduction limit is Rs.50,000 and can be claimed only by individual borrowers.
Section 24 of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 provides for deductions that can be claimed by taxpayers on the interest paid on a Home Loan for a self-occupied property or on the rental income received from a property.
The deductions available under Section 24 are as follows:
Interest on Home Loan: A taxpayer can claim a deduction on the interest paid on a Home Loan taken to purchase, construct, repair or renovate a self-occupied property. The maximum deduction allowed under this section is Rs.2 Lakh per annum.
Interest on Loan for Let-out Property: A taxpayer can also claim a deduction on the interest paid on a loan taken to purchase, construct, repair or renovate a property that is let out. There is no upper limit on the amount of deduction that can be claimed.
First, you can exhaust your deductible limit under Section 24 of Rs.2 Lakh, then go on to claim the additional benefits under Section 80EE.
Yes, if you meet the eligibility conditions for both, you can claim deductions under both Section 24(b) and Section 80 EEA. However, the total deduction claimed under both sections cannot exceed the actual amount of interest paid on the Home Loan during the financial year.
Section 24(b) and Section 80EE are two different provisions under the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 that allow taxpayers to claim deductions on the interest paid on a Home Loan. The key differences between these two provisions are as follows:
Eligibility: Section 24(b) is applicable to all taxpayers who have taken a home loan to purchase or construct a self-occupied property, while Section 80EE is applicable only to individual taxpayers who are first-time homebuyers.
Quantum of Deduction: Under Section 24(b), a taxpayer can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 2 lakh per annum on the interest paid on a Home Loan. On the other hand, under Section 80EE, a taxpayer can claim an additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 per annum on the interest paid on a Home Loan.
Time Period: Section 24(b) allows a deduction for the interest paid on a Home Loan in any financial year, while Section 80EE is applicable only for Home Loans taken between 1st April 2016 and 31st March 2017.
Conditions: Under Section 24(b), there are no specific conditions to be fulfilled to claim the deduction, except that the Home Loan should have been taken to purchase or construct a self-occupied property. However, under Section 80EE, the following conditions must be fulfilled to claim the deduction:
a. The taxpayer must be a first-time homebuyer.
b. The value of the property purchased should not exceed Rs. 50 lakhs.
c. The home loan taken should not exceed Rs. 35 lakhs.
d. The loan should have been sanctioned between 1st April 2016 and 31st March 2017.
In summary, Section 24(b) is a more general provision that allows deductions on the interest paid on a Home Loan, while Section 80EE is a specific provision that provides additional deductions to first-time homebuyers meeting certain conditions.
The maximum income tax exemption on a Home Loan in India is the sum of the deductions that can be claimed under Section 24(b) and Section 80EEA, subject to the conditions mentioned above. Currently, the maximum housing loan tax exemption in India is Rs. 3.5 lakh per annum.
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