When you avail a home loan, you borrow an amount or principal and repay it with interest. What is the interest rate on a home loan? It is the amount you are charged for borrowing from a lender, expressed as a fraction of the principal. Therefore, how much interest on home loan is to be paid by you directly depends on this value.
An interest rate change of even 0.5% can make a huge difference to your EMIs because home loan amounts are large. So, knowing how to calculate home loan interest rate is important as is learning how to reduce home loan interest rate to make repayment more affordable.
Below is a short guide on how home loan interest is calculated in India.
You cannot compute the home loan interest rate yourself, but you can be informed about the factors that affect the interest rate. These are 3 factors that determine the home loan interest rate offered to you.
You can know how much interest on a home loan is charged to you by calculating the total cost of the loan and subtracting the principal from that.
The total cost of the loan (principal + interest) is governed by the formula,
Total loan cost = P x R x N/ (1-(1+R)-N)
P = Principal or loan amount
R = Monthly interest rate in decimal form
N = Number of months
You can calculate home loan interest in two ways:
Assume a home loan of Rs.20 lakh taken for 20 years at a 10% rate.
P = 20,00,000
R = (10/12)%
N = 240
Total loan cost = (20,00,000 x 0.0833 x 240)/ (1-(1+0.0833)-240)
Interest = Total loan cost - Principal
= Rs.46,30,832 - Rs.20,00,000
You can use the home loan EMI calculator to compute your interest, as it offers not just the EMI value, but the total interest and total amount payable as well. To use it, fix a value for the loan amount, set the tenor, and know what the current interest rate is.
Enter these values into the calculator or use the slider to obtain results such as:
To know how much interest you are paying per month, refer to the home loan amortization schedule or use an amortization calculator. In brief, while the EMI amount you pay remains the same every month, the amount of principal and interest per EMI changes along the tenor. At the start of your repayment, the EMI comprises mainly the interest and towards the end, you paying more of the principal.
Once you know what is the loan interest rate range offered by your lender, take steps to secure the lowest rate. Here are some tips:
With this information, not only will you know how to calculate your home loan interest, but you will be able to understand the factors that affect the home loan interest rate. So, Make sure you prepare beforehand and fill the Home Loan Application form to enjoy quick approval.
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