What is the Relationship Between Repo Rate and Inflation_Banner_WC

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What is the Relationship Between Repo Rate and Inflation_WC

A critical aspect of a macroeconomic policy is the relationship between the Repo Rate and inflation. Inflation is defined as the general rise in the prices of goods and services over time, whereas the Repo Rate is the interest rate at which central banks lend money to commercial banks. Changes in the Repo Rate can have a significant impact on inflation because they affect the supply of money and overall economic activity. The Repo Rate is used by central banks to manage inflation and ensure price stability in the economy.

Why is the Repo Rate important?_WC

Why is the Repo Rate important?

When commercial banks run out of funds, they turn to the RBI for assistance. The RBI lends money to these banks at a fixed rate known as the Repo Rate.

The RBI decides whether to raise or lower interest rates on a regular basis. The decision of the central bank's monetary policy committee could have an impact on liquidity and inflation in the Indian economy.

The Repo Rate is a critical tool for the RBI in controlling inflationary trends. The RBI's decision to raise or lower interest rates will make borrowing more expensive or less expensive for commercial banks.

The Repo Rate and inflation are inversely related. If the rate is raised, inflation will fall; if the rate is lowered, inflation will rise.

How Will The Change In Repo Rate Affect You As A Consumer?_Wc

How Will The Change In Repo Rate Affect You As A Consumer?

Changes in the Repo Rate can have a significant impact on your financial decisions and overall financial well-being as a consumer. Any change in the Repo Rate will have a significant impact on inflation and consumer purchasing power.

  • Impact on loans: When the Repo Rate falls, so do your bank's interest rates, and vice versa. As a result, you can obtain a larger loan from your bank at a lower interest rate. Similarly, if interest rates rise, your loans will become more expensive.
  • Impact on deposit interest: If the bank passes on the Repo Rate cut to you, you will earn less interest on your deposits, and vice versa. If interest rates rise, depositors may be tempted to save more, resulting in less money spent.

Changes in the Repo Rate, in general, can have an impact on your ability to borrow money, your purchasing power, and the overall cost of goods and services. As a consumer, you must be aware of these changes and make appropriate financial decisions.

How Is Inflation Measured?_WC

How Is Inflation Measured?

Inflation is typically measured using an inflation rate, which is the percentage increase in the overall level of goods and services prices over a given time period. The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) and Consumer Price Index (CPI) are used to calculate inflation in the country (CPI). Prices in WPI are quoted from wholesalers, whereas prices in CPI are quoted from retailers. Up until April 2014, the WPI was used to measure inflation. The RBI now measures inflation rates in the economy using CPI (combined).

The CPI measures the price level of a basket of goods and services purchased by a typical household in a country. Food, housing, transportation, and medical care are among the items in the basket. A government agency surveys the prices of a specific set of goods and services in various cities and regions across the country to calculate the CPI. Prices are then weighted according to the percentage of household income spent on each item in the basket. The resulting index tracks the average price change for a basket of goods and services over time.

The Relationship Between Interest Rates And Inflation_WC

The Relationship Between Interest Rates And Inflation

Inflation and interest rates are inversely proportional. People borrow more from banks and save less when interest rates are low. This increases both the supply and demand for money in the economy. As a result, commodity prices rise, causing inflation. In this scenario, the RBI raises interest rates in order to reduce the money supply. When interest rates are high, however, people tend to borrow less and save more. As a result, the money supply and demand for goods and services both fall, as do prices. In this case, the central bank lowers interest rates through monetary policy.

In this manner, the RBI attempts to balance the money supply and interest rates in order to foster economic growth. The RBI's monetary policy refers to the management of interest rates, money supply, and credit availability in order to boost economic growth.

The Finance Act of 2016 amended the Reserve Bank of India Act of 1934 to give the Monetary Policy Committee statutory status. The committee is tasked with managing benchmark policy rates or Repo Rates in order to keep the economy's inflation level stable while pursuing growth objectives.

  • The RBI controls interest rates using the following monetary policy instruments:
  • Bank Rate: The interest rate at which the central bank lends to commercial banks is known as the bank rate. When there is inflation, the RBI raises the bank rate to reduce the economy's money supply. By doing so, the central bank ensures that commercial banks create less credit, resulting in a reduction in the money supply. When there is less money, there is less demand, and thus prices fall.
  • Open Market Operations (OMO): OMO refers to the RBI's purchase and sale of government securities. During periods of inflation, the RBI sells government securities in order to drain excess liquidity from the market. The buyer of the securities pays in rupees, resulting in a decrease in the economy's money supply.
  • Cash Reserve Ratio: The Cash Reserve Ratio refers to the percentage of deposits that banks are required to keep with the central bank in cash (CRR). As a result, if the central bank raises the CRR, banks will be forced to keep more money that cannot be lent. As a result, the money supply will contract, causing inflation to fall.
  • Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): The SLR is the percentage of deposits that banks must keep in the form of liquid government securities or other approved securities. An increase in the SLR means fewer funds to lend and a decrease in the money supply.
  • Repo and reverse Repo Rates: The Repo Rate is the rate at which the RBI lends to banks, and the reverse Repo Rate is the rate at which banks park their surplus money with the RBI. Repo and reverse Repo Rates are used to control the money supply and are part of the Liquidity Adjustment Facility tool. An increase in the Repo Rate raises the cost of borrowing, reducing the money supply and assisting in the control of inflation.
  • Marginal Standing Facility (MSF): The MSF is a penal rate at which banks borrow from the RBI above and beyond the LAF. It aids in the management of overnight interest rate volatility in interbank lending. This monetary policy tool also has an indirect impact on the economy's interest rates and money supply.

This is how interest rates and inflation are linked. High interest rates help to reduce inflation, whereas low interest rates may cause inflation to rise. It should be noted that some inflation is beneficial to the economy.

Relationship Between Repo Rate and Inflation _RAC_WC

Relationship Between Repo Rate and Inflation _PAC

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